When I was a kid, I always wondered why we needed pennies. They are not as nice looking at the other coins, they usually get dirty quickly, and they fool you into thinking you have a dime when you feel them in your pocket! But now that I am an adult, I have a new reason to dislike the copper (actually, it’s mainly zinc) coins…pennies are a waste of money! Here are a few reasons why we should abolish the penny!
Abolish The Penny To Save Money
It costs about 1.7 cents to make one penny! That means that every time a penny is produced, the government loses money. According to an ABC News article, the U.S. Mint makes 8 billion pennies each year, and this costs them $130 million. Since they are only worth a total of $80 million, that means that taxpayers are losing $50 million each year on the production of pennies!
It gets even worse! The U.S. Mint has acknowledged that the metal in both pennies and nickels are worth more than the value of the currency. A few years ago, there was a law enacted that severely limits both the melting and exportation of these coins.
Apparently, the Mint had been contacted by many people looking to melt down these coins in order to harvest the metals used to make them!
They are now worried that “speculators” could sell the coins as scrap, thus removing them from circulation. Since it is extremely expensive to mint new pennies and nickels, they had to write this new law! To me it would make more sense to abolish the penny and let them be treated as scrap!
Abolish The Penny To Save Time
I have to admit that I have become annoyed while standing in line waiting for someone to fumble through their purse or pocket, looking for a penny! It may not seem like much, but consider this information from a Wasington Post article:
the National Association of Convenience Stores and the Walgreens drugstore chain have estimated that handling pennies adds 2 to 2.5 seconds per cash transaction. Assume that the average citizen makes one such transaction every day, and so wastes (to be conservative) 730 seconds a year. The median worker earns just over $36,000 a year, or about 0.5 cents per second, so futzing with pennies costs him $3.65 annually.
Considering the current U.S. population of around 300 million, this means that we lose over $1 billion in time, just on transactions that involve a penny. However, this doesn’t even take into account the people waiting in line behind the penny pusher! Add an additional 2 customers waiting in line, and we’re now up to $3 billion is wasted time!
I won’t even go into trying to estimate how much time and money is also lost from the simple act of finding something to do with your pennies once you get home from the store!
There are a lot of places that don’t even accept pennies! When is the last time that you’ve seen a vending machine, toll booth, laundromat, or pay phone that accepted pennies? Many people simply place their pennies in an old jar, or a 5-gallon water jug.
Here is a great quote by noted Economist Greg Mankiw that explains this problem:
The purpose of the monetary system is to facilitate exchange, but I have to acknowledge that the penny no longer serves that purpose. When people start leaving a monetary unit at the cash register for the next customer, the unit is too small to be useful.
Arguments For Keeping The Penny
There are two main arguments (besides sentimental/historical value) for keeping the penny in circulation:
People have argued that since abolishing the penny would force stores to round to the nearest nickel (or if we get rid of that waste of money, the nearest dime), people would end up paying higher prices. They figure that more of the transactions would be rounded up, thus leading to higher prices for consumers.
However, that same Washington Post article (linked above) reported the following:
Robert M. Whaples of Wake Forest University has analyzed 200,000 transactions across seven states, and he concluded that consumers would not actually suffer. Purchases at gas stations and convenience stores are just as likely to come to $7.02 as $6.98, so the rounding up and rounding down would cancel themselves out. On average, shoppers would lose nothing.
So you can see that the average shopper would not be adversely affected by the removal of the penny from circulation.
It Would Hurt Charities
There are many charities that raise money by asking consumers for pennies at the register. Since an individual penny is worthless to many people, they have no problem supporting the charity – some actually see it as a service, since they no longer have to waste time finding a place for their pennies.
The argument here is that people will not be able to give their pennies in order to help charities. But this ignores the fact that the charitable organization can simply ask for a larger donation. I don’t think too many people who gave up a penny would have a problem giving up a nickel or dime.
The only way that they would be negatively affected is if more than 80% of the people who gave a penny refused to give a nickel!
I really don’t like when we continue to do things in an inefficient manner simply because, “that’s they way we’ve always done it”! Since the penny doesn’t hold much value in the mind of citizens, and it costs more to product than it’s worth, it’s probably time to abolish it!
photo by Kevin Dooley
- Do you currently use pennies for your cash transactions?
- Can you think of any other reason why we should keep losing millions of dollars on the penny?
- Why do you think there is such a push to keep the penny in circulation? Is it simply the lobbists of the zinc industry, or historical sentiment?
- Are you surprised that we are losing so much money on both the penny and the nickel?